GOES Quick Briefs

Note: Links will become active once briefs are populated.

RGB Quick Briefs

Name Download Red Green Blue Common Uses
Ash Download Version 12.3 - 10.3 µm 11.2 - 8.4 µm 10.3 µm Identify and monitor for ash and sulfur dioxide gas from volcanic eruptions.
Air Mass Download Version 6.2 - 7.3 µm 9.6 - 10.3 µm 6.2 µm (inverted) Identifying air masses, inferring cyclogenesis
Day Convection Download Version 6.2 - 7.3 µm 3.9 - 10.3 µm 1.6 - 0.64 µm Identify intense vs. weak/mature updrafts
Day Land Cloud Download Version 1.6 µm 0.86 µm 0.64 µm Identify surface features (inc. fire hotspots), high vs. low clouds, snow
Day Land Cloud Fire Download Version 2.2 µm 0.86 µm 0.64 µm Identify surface features, high vs. low clouds, snow
Differential Water Vapor   7.3 - 6.2 µm (inverted) 7.3 µm (inverted) 6.2 µm (inverted) Analyze water vapor distribution, depth of moisture, trough/ridge patterns
Dust Download Version 12.3 - 10.3 µm 11.2 - 8.4 µm 10.3 µm Identifying dust
Fire Temperature Download Version 3.9 µm 2.2 µm 1.6 µm Assess more intense vs. less intense fires
Nighttime Microphysics Download Version 12.4 - 10.4 µm 10.3 - 3.9 µm 10.3 µm Identify high clouds vs. low clouds vs. fog at night
Simple Water Vapor

Download Version

10.35 µm (inverted) 6.19 µm (inverted) 7.34 µm (inverted)

Assess distribution of moisture

CIMSS Natural True Color

  0.64 µm

0.45* (0.64 µm)

0.1*(0.86 µm)

0.45*(0.47 µm)

0.47 µm

True color gives an image the approximate look as one would see from space.


Day Cloud Convection Download Version 0.64µm 0.64 µm 10.3 µm Helps to distinguish between high and low clouds and can help reveal wind shear when animated. 
Day Cloud Phase Distinction   10.3 µm 0.64 µm 1.6 µm This RGB is used to evaluate the phase of cooling cloud tops to monitor convective initiation, storm growth, and decay.
Day Snow Fog Download Version 0.86 µm 1.6 µm 3.9 - 10.3 µm The channels which bring out the distinguishing differences are combined in the Day Snow-Fog RGB to show greater contrast between snow and cloud.

















GLM Quick Briefs

Name Download Common Uses
GLM Definitions and Detection Methods Download Version The GLM creates background images every 2.5 minutes, then images 500 frames per second to detect changes in brightness relative to the background image. Individual pixels that are illuminated above the background threshold during a 2 ms frame are termed GLM events, filters then determine the likelihood that these events are real lightning.
GLM Data Quality Download Version Issues described include geospatial considerations and false events.
GLM Flash Extent Density (Gridded Products) Download Version Flash extent density (FED), the number of flashes that occur within a grid cell over a given period of time, is the first NWS gridded GLM product.
GLM AFA and TOE (Gridded Products)

Download Version

Average flash area (AFA) is the average area of all GLM flashes spatially coincident with each 2×2 km grid cell during a specified time period. Total optical energy (TOE) is the sum of all optical energy that the GLM observes within each grid cell during a specified time period.

GLM and Ground Networks Download Version This quick brief highlights the differences between GLM and the ground-based lightning networks and describes the advantages of each. It also briefly discusses parallax with the GLM observations.
GLM Applications Overview Download Version This provides a brief overview of how the initial GLM flash extent density product can be used for severe weather decision support and lightning safety.



















Channel Difference Quick Briefs

Name Download Channel Difference Common Uses
Night Fog Download Version 10.3 - 3.9 µm Identify clouds made up of small water droplets (e.g., fog/stratus)
Split Window Difference Download Version 10.3 - 12.3 µm Identify gradients in moisture, regions of low-level dust
Split Cloud Phase Download Version 8.5-11.2 µm

Differentiate cloud size particles

Split Water Vapor Difference Download Version 6.2-7.3 µm The band difference give an approximation of the concentration and distribution of Water Vapor
Split Snow   1.6-0.64 µm Highlights regions where ice is present






Baseline Product Quick Briefs

Name Download Common Uses
Cloud Phase   Describes the cloud-top composition.
Fire Detection and Characterization Algorithm Download Version Describes the Fire Detection and Characterization Algorithm (i.e., the GOES-16 Fire Detection product).
Total Precipitable Water   Discusses the GOES TPW product and shows one application.
Sea Surface Temperature Download Version Describes the SST product while showing multiple examples.
Legacy Vertical Profiles   Legacy Vertical Profiles show GFS information that has been adjusted based on satellite information.
Derived Motion Winds Download Version

Derived Motion Wind Vectors are produced using sequential ABI images. They can provide important information about winds at different levels during asynoptic times.






Miscellaneous Quick Briefs

Name Download Common Uses
Blended TPW Download Version  
Parallax, Pixel Size, and Limb Cooling Download Version  
Creating Color Enhancements Download Version  
Infrared Satellite Enhancements Download Version  
Satellite Color Table Ranges Download Version  
Remapping, Spatial Scales and Resolution Download Version  
Satellite Default Color Tables    
GOES-East Fixed Grid Data