Soil Saturation - Soil Saturation - Warning Decision Training Division (WDTD)
Short DescriptionA comparison of the current model output of the water content in the top-layer soils at model initialization time to the maximum storage capacity of those top-layer soils.
SubproductsCREST and SAC-SMA. The FLASH EF5 framework runs multiple hydrological models using a common input. For MRMS Version 11, there is a soil saturation product for the 2 models listed above.
Primary UsersNWS: WFO, RFC
Input SourcesMRMS Radar-Only QPE
Spatial: ~1 km x 1 km
Temporal: 10 minutes
Product CreationThe FLASH EF5 model framework uses MRMS Radar-Only QPE as input into the 2 hydrological models (CREST and SAC-SMA) which then use a subset of these hydrological principles (infiltration, storage, interflow, evapotranspiration, and runoff) to route the precipitation through the basins. The amount of modeled water content in the top-layer soils at model initialization time for each grid point is compared to the maximum storage capacity of those top-layer soils in each grid point. The result is a percentage value of maximum storage capacity.
Gourley, J., Z. Flamig, H. Vergara, P. Kirstetter, R. Clark III, E. Argyle, A. Arthur, S. Martinaitis, G. Terti, J. Erlingis, Y. Hong, and K. Howard, 2016: The Flooded Locations And Simulated Hydrographs (FLASH) project: improving the tools for flash flood monitoring and prediction across the United States. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00247.1, in press.
Jiahu Wang , Yang Hong , Li Li , Jonathan J. Gourley , Sadiq I. Khan , Koray K. Yilmaz , Robert F. Adler , Frederick S. Policelli , Shahid Habib , Daniel Irwn , Ashutosh S. Limaye , Tesfaye Korme & Lawrence Okello (2011) The coupled routing and excess storage (CREST) distributed hydrological model, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56:1, 84-98, DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2010.543087